Beautiful wild flowers, but most notably olive tree blossoms, may be found in the Garden of Gethsemane. The olive tree has been known to exist for thousands of years. The Jerusalem Botanical Gardens should not be missed. It's about a 15-minute drive from Jerusalem's Old City walls.
The gardens were established in 1872 by the German Baron Rothschild as an oasis for sick and wounded soldiers. Today it is regarded as one of the best botanical gardens in Israel. There are over 10,000 plants from all over the world including palms, cycads, eucalyptus trees, gingers, magnolias, and rhododendrons.
You can access the garden via Route 90 (which becomes Jaffa Road east of the city center), or via Ben Yehuda Street north of the city center. The entrance is on the left hand side as you approach from either direction.
There is a small fee to enter the garden, which includes the chapel where Jesus is said to have prayed before his arrest.
Flowers usually appear between May and October. You can read more about the flora of Jerusalem at Nature in Jerusalem.
The Mount of Olives, despite its name, is more of a hill across the valley from the Old City. The Garden of Gethsemane, located halfway down the slope towards the Old City, is where Jesus prayed with his disciples just before being turned over to the authorities for his crucifixion. The New Testament does not record that he or anyone else ever came out of the garden alive.
The Garden of Olives gets its name because it was here that our Lord delivered his prophetic warnings to the people of Jerusalem and announced his impending death. Today, visitors can still see the trees under which these events took place. They include olive, myrtle, laurel, and cypress trees.
In addition to the biblical sites, tourists also visit the cemetery where Jesus is said to have been buried. This site is located behind the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem's Old City. It is here that Christians around the world celebrate the anniversary of Jesus' death at Eastertime.
Finally, Christians refer to the time between Christ's death and resurrection as His "ministry". During this period, He is said to have preached to the people from a wooden cross erected in the center of the courtyard of the temple. In other words, the Garden of Olives is where Jesus spent most of his time before being crucified.
There are twenty-three olive trees. This is confirmed by the writer of Luke's Gospel (see Luke 22:29).
Gethsemane (/geth'[email protected]/) is a garden in Jerusalem near the Mount of Olives where, according to the four Gospels of the New Testament, Jesus suffered pain and was arrested the night before his crucifixion. The word "Gethsemane" means "garden of grapes" in Hebrew.
The garden is probably located somewhere on the eastern side of the Mount of Olives, but its actual location has not been found. It may be within the present municipal boundaries of Jerusalem, but it could also be inside the wall that once surrounded the city.
According to Christian tradition, this is the place where Jesus prayed the night before he was crucified. In all four Gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, Jesus goes into solitude early on the morning of his trial before the Sanhedrin and prays here. After his prayer, he returns to the room where they have him prisoner and sleeps for a few hours more. At around noon, Judas arrives with a band of soldiers and police officers to arrest him.
In the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus says to his disciples: "Sit down, because it is written that I will sit before you like a servant [gehenna]...But if I want to, I can destroy the world with a single thought."