For larger prey, the hornet's strong venom and stinger—long enough to penetrate a beekeeping suit—create an agonizing combination that victims have described as "hot metal hammering into their flesh." Hornets kill up to 50 people in Japan each year. They have landed in the United States for the first time. In August 2008, two men were stung by a swarm of 150 hornets near their home in Warren County, New York.
Hornets are one of the few insects that can deliver a lethal dose of venom without injecting it into a victim. The venom contains neurotoxins and cytotoxins that affect the respiratory system, heart, and blood vessels. It also contains enzymes that break down tissue proteins, causing inflammation and eventually death. The amount of venom in a body part depends on how deeply the sting penetrates. People who are allergic to bees might have a reaction to the venom if they come into contact with it.
People sometimes use bees as a form of self-defense against hornets. However, this only works if someone is being attacked by a group of hornets and has a chance to grab a bee. Since bees are useful for pollinating plants, it is not advisable to harm them intentionally.
In conclusion, hornets can kill humans if they are exposed to the venom of these insects.
It possesses a stinger that can pierce typical beekeeper suits numerous times, unlike other bees and wasps. Because Asian giant hornets are so enormous, their sting is powerful enough to give multiple times the pain and poison of other hornet species. Even though they can't fly, these hornets will often defend themselves by rushing at you in your vehicle or on foot. They may also attack dogs and humans who come into contact with them.
The venom from a hornet's sting contains chemicals that cause severe inflammation and damage to human tissue. Because there are no antivenoms available for treatment, people who are allergic to bee or wasp venom should not handle injured hornets without protective equipment. Emergency room doctors treat people who have been stung by hornets and apply ice to reduce the severity of the symptoms and pain, while prescribing medications to reduce fever and pain relief.
People who are not allergic to insect venom but still suffer from the effects of a hornet sting should seek medical attention immediately after an incident. Doctors will be able to provide you with appropriate treatments.
According to Schmidt, gigantic hornets kill between 30 and 50 people in Japan each year, although the majority of deaths are due to allergic anaphylactic responses rather than acute poisoning. It's crucial to understand, though, that gigantic hornets, like other wasps, will not attack unless provoked. They're not out to harm anyone, so if you have a severe allergy to them, you should take appropriate precautions (such as carrying an epinephrine injector) when you go into areas where they may be found.
There have been several reports of people being attacked by giant hornets in Japan; most were only injured because they were able to run away. However, in at least one case, a man was fatally stung by a giant hornet after it had invaded his house through an opening left by a loose brick in the wall of his patio. This shows that although these wasps aren't looking for trouble, they will defend themselves if threatened.
People have died from bee or wasp stings in the United States, but these incidents are very rare. The main threat posed by these insects is the risk of suffering from something called "anaphylaxis" if someone with a severe allergy to bees or wasps comes into contact with a bee or wasp sting.