According to an examination of antique cooking pots, medieval peasants mostly consumed stews of meat and vegetables, as well as dairy goods such as cheese. Food residues were analyzed from the remnants of cooking pots discovered in the small medieval settlement of West Cotton in Northamptonshire. The results showed that the villagers ate beef, pork, lamb, chicken, turkey, coney (a type of hare), fish, nuts, and fruits. They also drank beer, wine, milk, and water. The food supply probably included some imported items such as sugar.
In general, peasants had a better diet than most people today. They usually got more than half of their total calories from carbohydrates, ten percent from protein, and 80% from fat. Today's average person gets only about 30% of her calories from carbohydrates, 20% from protein, and 50% from fat.
During times of famine, however, they could eat less nutritious foods such as bark and weeds. In addition, they would sometimes go without food for several days when crops failed or prices rose too high.
Peasants had limited access to fresh fruit and vegetables. Usually these products were reserved for the rich, but evidence suggests that they did consume some form of citrus fruit. Apples are believed to have been available in large quantities since they were used for cider making. Pears are also mentioned in sources but not much else is known about them.
Peasant Food in Medieval Times They ate pottage, a type of stew cooked with peas, beans, and onions grown in their gardens. Their only source of sugar was the berries, nuts, and honey they found in the forests. Peasants did not consume a lot of meat. Many people kept a pig or two, but they couldn't always afford to slaughter one. When that happened, they would eat pork instead.
They also ate fowl, fish, and game. The poor ate what they could get hold of, while the rich had cooks prepare special dishes. At dinner time, the whole family ate together at a long table. In wealthy households, there might be separate tables for men and women. Peasants were very simple people. They believed in eating and drinking too much will make you lazy and lead to illness. So they only ate three meals a day, each about four hours long.
At first glance, it might seem that cooking was not a big deal for peasants. After all, they just put some vegetables into a pot and let them boil until they were tender. But cooking was actually a difficult job for slaves and peasants because they were usually underpaid. There were no recipes to follow and no measurements so they often ended up with something awful!
But they had many ways of improving upon the basic ingredients available to them. For example, they sometimes added meat or bones to their stews to increase the flavor.
The peasants' major source of nutrition was rye bread. They ate pottage, a type of stew cooked with peas, beans, and onions grown in their gardens. The lords who owned most of the land didn't raise animals for food either. Generally, meat was used to barter for other goods or eaten during religious festivals.
Peasants drank beer made from malted barley or wheat. To make beer, you need water and yeast. The water is boiled until it becomes cloudy and then left to cool. This process removes any harmful bacteria from the water. The cooled water is then mixed with grains that have been roasted until brown, which gives the beer its color. After mixing the water and grains, the mixture is left to ferment, usually over night. The next day, the brewers stop the fermentation by adding more water to rinse out all the sugars from the grain. The final product is slightly alcoholic liquor known as wort. Brewers then boil the wort until it reaches about 1% alcohol. This allows them to easily store the beer without it going bad. For those who cannot afford to buy their own barrels, the brewers will often donate used wine bottles to the brewery owners who in return get to use these empty bottles as long as they continue to pay their rent. These owners then sell the beer off site in small quantities for a profit.
Peasant Food in Medieval Times Their only source of sugar was the berries, nuts, and honey they found in the forests. They could hunt rabbits or hares, but their lord may punish them for it. Sometimes they were given rabbit pie by their lord as reward for working on his land.
Medieval peasants had different food preferences than we do today. Meat was scarce and expensive so most people ate vegetables and bread. Fish also played an important role in their diet; however, since fish contained lots of oil, they didn't usually eat them instead they used them for cooking or fed them to their pets!
In conclusion, yes, medieval peasants did eat rabbit!
In medieval times, barley was a staple of the common peasant's diet. They used barley to produce everything from coarse, black breads to pancakes, porridge, and soups. Following a bad harvest and a lack of grain, families were obliged to put beans, peas, and even acorns in their bread. Eggs and cheese also played important roles in medieval cuisine. At the end of the meal, there would be fruits, such as apples and pears, or vegetables, such as carrots and onions.
The common man didn't eat like a king. He spent most of his time eating simple food that was easy to get rid of. Only a few people had the privilege of tasting better meals. The rich ate meat every day and drank wine or beer with their meals. Vegetables didn't come into play at these tables; instead, cooks prepared piles of meats and fish covered in some kind of sauce.
For dessert, they might have had fruit or something sweet such as pie or cake. But most often, it was bread that got them ready for bed!
During the middle ages, people consumed an average of 2.5 million tons of wheat each year. Of this amount, about half was used to make flour for cooking and baking and the other half was used to make bread. This is why food security was so important - if crops failed or prices increased, many people would go hungry.
Peasants preferred maslin, which was prepared from mixed wheat and rye, or horse bread, which was made with peas, beans, and whatever grain was available. Bread was used to thicken sauces and stews in addition to being a dish in its own right. Pottage was consumed by everybody. It could be a simple stew but also a thick soup without any other ingredients except for potatoes.
During the middle ages, peasants didn't have much choice when it came to food. They usually ate what their landlords gave them permission to harvest, so if there were no crops they would have nothing to eat. However, even though they were poor, there are some reports that suggest that peasants sometimes stole food and sold it. For example, one report says that a peasant girl named Alice Merton was hanged for stealing four pounds of butter from her landlord's herd of cows.
According to another report, a peasant woman named Joan Leane was arrested for stealing eight sacks of oats from a local farmer but was let off due to lack of evidence. This shows that even though peasants were often not given many choices, there are some reports of them stealing food and selling it.
Now, here is where things get a little confusing. According to some sources, peasants weren't given any choice regarding what they ate. For example, one source says that during times of famine everyone had pottage to eat and there were no special dishes prepared for the rich or poor.