Many gardeners classify mums (formerly known as Chrysanthemums) as annuals because they believe they are at best fussy perennials. However, this does not have to be the case. These fall beauties may return year after year with only a little winter care for mums. There are several factors that determine whether a mum will return.
The first thing you should know about chrysanthemum longevity is that it varies greatly depending on which type of chrysanthemum you have. There are many varieties of mums, and each has different requirements for growth conditions and management practices if they are to remain healthy and bloom again next season. Some types of mums such as "Crimson Glory" and "White Swan" can stay in bloom for several months if given full sun and good air circulation during hot summer days. Others types such as "Jackie O'Hara" and "Moonshine" are more cold-tolerant but won't live up to 10 years like some larger-flowered mums.
After they die down in late autumn or early spring, cut off all the flowers to encourage new shoots to grow from the base of the plant. If you wait until later in the season to cut them back, the plants will send up new stems from the center of the rhizome, rather than coming from below ground like most plants.
Garden mums are hardy perennials that may be grown outside all year. Florist mums are utilized as indoor potted plants and will not survive a Midwest winter if planted in the ground. Purchase a mum that is suitable for the vast outdoors from a nursery or garden retailer. Chrysanthemum species are native to Asia but are now cultivated worldwide. They make attractive cut flowers that last only one day but can be kept longer by refrigeration.
Chrysanthemums are members of the daisy family (Asteraceae) and contain toxic chemicals called glycosides that protect them from insects and other plant predators. If you come into contact with these chemicals, they will not harm you but should be avoided during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. The flowers are also poisonous if ingested so should not be eaten.
It is recommended to plant chrysanthemums in full sun and well-drained soil. They like their roots to breathe so do not put them in clay pots. When you buy a chrysanthemum plant, check its roots; if they are yellow, it means there's not enough sunlight reaching the root system and the plant may suffer long-term damage if placed in an area where it gets full sun. A mum is a mum regardless of whether it has leaves or not, so if you want to keep it as an annual, then plant it in late summer when it will start to go to seed.
Garden mums are perennials with spreading subterranean runners (stolons), but florist mums (seen at the grocery store in the fall) are annuals with insufficient runners to overwinter. Plants range in height and width from 18 to 36 inches. The most common types of garden mums are called "spider" mums because of their shape. They have large, attractive flowers that often remain open late into the night. These mums are easy to grow from seed or transplant. They require full sun and average soil that is rich in nitrogen. Mums like these make excellent border plants or massed plants. There are dozens of varieties of spider mums available from both specialty retailers and online nurseries.
The name "chrysanthemum" comes from the Greek khrusos meaning gold and antemion meaning flower. Thus, "goldflower." This popular plant was originally grown as an annual for its small decorative flowers in the summer, but it has been kept going as a perennial since 1869. It is native to China but has been cultivated elsewhere since its introduction to Europe in 1625. Today, chrysanthemums are grown commercially in many countries around the world. They are popular for their cut flowers which last about one week; also used in bouquets and crafts.
Chrysanthemums are prone to several pests and diseases.
Chrysanthemums (/krI'[email protected]@m/), also known as mums or chrysanths, are flowering plants in the Asteraceae family that belong to the genus Chrysanthemum. They are indigenous to East Asia and Northeastern Europe. The majority of species are from East Asia, with China being the hub of variety. Other major producers include Japan, Korea, and Russia.
In terms of production, China is by far the largest producer, followed by Japan, then Russia. However, due to differences in cultivation methods, market demand, and quality control standards, it is difficult to compare one country's production with that of another. For example, while China produces a large number of varieties, many of these varieties are bred for sale rather than for display purposes, so they don't receive much attention from farmers who want flowers that last for several days. Japan, on the other hand, has more focus on breeding chrysanthemums that last longer because they are sold as cut flowers.
China is also the world's leading exporter of chrysanthemums, with Japan following close behind. But unlike chrysanthemums which are grown for their flowers, here we will discuss the crops that produce seeds for next year's planting.
The main type of chrysanthemum grown for its flower is called "Jinhua". This comes from China and was originally selected for its long-lasting beauty rather than its seed yield.