The transition of a civilization from agrarian to manufacturing or industrial is referred to as industrialization. Pollution, increasing greenhouse gas emissions, and global warming are all negative environmental externalities of industrialization.
Industrialization involves using tools and technologies invented for agriculture or mining to produce goods and services not possible otherwise. It requires a complex system of production with many different parts: industry for making products, commerce for distributing them, and government to enforce rules. All these elements influence each other so that no one sector can be singled out as the main cause of pollution.
In the early days of industrialization, when there were few laws to protect the environment, people often described as "the dark age" or "the old order" anything before 1800. Today we know that this is not true, because even in the ancient world people started to use tools and techniques that have become standard in modern industry (for example, using fire to process materials). What has changed over time is our understanding of how much pollution is too much, and what effects it has on humans and the environment. Modern environmentalists point out problems with traditional industries such as mining or textiles, while others focus on new sources of contamination such as chemical plants or power stations.
At the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, people began to emit substances into the atmosphere that had never been seen before.
Industrialization has provided economic wealth, but it has also resulted in rising population, urbanization, and evident stress on fundamental life-supporting systems, as well as bringing environmental consequences closer to the boundaries of tolerance. Industrialization involves the use of tools and machines which produce products that were not possible to make before these technologies were developed. Most industries include some type of technology which is more efficient than what humans can create alone, like computers or automobiles. Industries vary in how much impact they have on the environment; some such as tourism have been shown to be environmentally friendly while others like mining can have negative effects on the surrounding area.
Industrialization has had many positive effects on society as well. It has allowed people to live longer and better lives with greater convenience. Modern industry requires a large amount of energy which comes from burning fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas. However, there are alternatives to this process including solar power and wind power. These methods are growing faster than fossil fuels but they are still limited in scope compared to what is needed. Alternative sources of energy are being researched by scientists so we will not run out of ways to work things which emit no carbon dioxide.
Another benefit of industry is that it creates jobs. There are many people who would not have otherwise been able to find employment due to lack of resources or opportunity.
The positive benefits of industrialisation include lower labor costs, the employment of thousands of people, and the improvement of people's everyday life. Then there are the negative consequences of industrialisation, such as labor exploitation, urban overpopulation, and environmental destruction.
In conclusion, industrialisation brought many benefits to humanity, but it also caused some problems. These problems should not be ignored in favor of new industries or technologies. We need to find a way to improve on what we have, while still maintaining our standard of living.