Conditions in the Desert Many desert animals avoid the desert's heat by keeping as far away from it as possible. During the sweltering days, these creatures remain in their burrows and emerge at night to feed. Other animals have bodies that are built to save water. For example, the kangaroo rat has large glands on its tail that store water for use during times of drought. These rats can go for weeks without drinking water.
At night, when it gets cold outside, many desert animals retreat into their dens or hollow trees and hide from the elements. Some species, such as the leopard, are nocturnal by nature. Others, like the mouse, are active during the day and sleep at night.
In general, desert-dwelling animals are active during the day and stay in shelter at night. However, some species will vary their activity levels depending on how risky it is for them to be out in the desert. For example, a lion might only sleep during very hot days if there's nowhere for it to hunt. Otherwise, it stays awake and looks for food.
Animals in the Desert - A Day in the Life
What does a desert animal eat? That depends on what part of the desert you're in. In dry regions where there is little water, animals must eat seeds, fruits, and plants.
Almost all desert animals are wise enough to avoid direct sunlight during the warmest period of the day. They live in burrows deep below. The animals come out to seek for food at night, when the sun has set and the sand has cooled. This way, they can find shelter from heat exhaustion and predators.
Some animals, such as mice and lizards, need to drink more often than others, so they leave their burrow to search for water. Others, such as scorpions and snakes, don't need to drink as often, so they stay in their shelters.
Even monkeys and leopards avoid the midday sun by staying underground. Only after sunset do they emerge to play and hunt for food.
The reason that many animals don't want to be exposed to the sun's rays is because they can get hurt if they go outside of their shelters. Their skin cells work hard to protect them from the hot sunlight, but if they're exposed to it too long, they will die. That's why most animals only come up out of their shelters at night when it's cooler.
In addition to being vulnerable while being outside of their shelters, some animals may also be preyed upon by predators who are searching for easy targets. So by remaining underground at night, they are avoiding both heat exhaustion and danger from predators.
The two most important adaptations that desert animals must adopt are how to deal with a lack of water and how to deal with temperature variations. Many desert animals avoid the desert's heat by keeping as far away from it as possible. Desert animals' kidneys concentrate urine, allowing them to expel less water. This process also helps remove toxic substances from the body. The more concentrated the urine, the better its removal power. These animals include gerbils, mice, jerboas, and kangaroos.
Some desert animals have special mechanisms for cooling off. These include using ice or snow as insulation and drinking cold water to cool down quickly. Others eat plants that have adapted to live in these conditions. For example, cacti use their spines to protect themselves from predators while still providing food and water for other animals who might not be able to harm them. Animals who live in hot climates need to find ways to keep themselves warm without using up too much energy. They do this by staying near sources of heat such as sunny areas or burrowing animals who have already found a way to survive in these conditions.
In conclusion, many desert animals have adapted over time through natural selection to be better at dealing with the environment than their ancestors were.