Unfortunately, less than 50 lions survive in Nigeria, despite the fact that the worldwide value of the illicit wildlife trafficking exceeds $50–150 billion USD each year. In contrast, there are only about 7,100 wild cheetahs left in the world. These and other data on the status of wildlife indicate that the moment for immediate action is now!
The government of Nigeria is doing its best to conserve the remaining animals but has been hampered by poverty, corruption, and lack of leadership. The situation needs to be changed immediately if a better future for these animals is to be achieved.
Cheetahs are beautiful cats with long slender legs and a thin pointed nose like a cat's. They have large ears with rounded lobes. Cheetahs are covered in thick fur except for their skin-like coat which is made up of small scales held together by skin. This coat helps them stay cool in hot climates like Africa's. A female cheetah can have up to three litters per year with each litter containing one or two kittens. The kittens are born blind and helpless and leave the nest around five weeks old to start hunting themselves. A cheetah's lifespan is 12 years in captivity and 14 years in the wild.
People used to hunt cheetahs for their skins but now they are protected by law. There are still villages near national parks where people live without electricity or running water but they respect the cheetahs and don't kill them.
Lions were formerly common throughout northern Nigeria, but now only exist in two locations: Kainji Lake National Park and Yankari Game Reserve. More than 90% of the lion's native range in Africa has already been gone. It is thought that there are less than 50 lions left in Nigeria. The last recorded sighting of a live lion in Nigeria was in 1872.
Lions are classed as endangered across their range. Threats to lions include hunting for sport and money, conflict with humans over land use, and poisoning by farmers who believe they are protecting their crops by killing lions. None of these threats are unique to Nigeria, but together they form one of the main reasons why there are so few lions left in Nigeria today.
Lions are social animals that live in prides of up to eight individuals. They usually kill large antelopes such as gazelles and wildebeests to eat, but will also take smaller animals if they can find enough prey to fill their requirements. They have been known to attack people if forced to, but this occurs almost exclusively when people are trying to hunt them. There have been several reports of lions attacking livestock in Nigeria, probably because there are not enough other food sources available to compete with during drought years.
Lions were previously plentiful throughout northern Nigeria, but now they can only be found in two places: Kainji Lake National Park and Yankari Game Reserve. Remaining habitat is small and fragmented, so it's very important that these two reserves protect their animals well. There are many threats to lions around the world, including hunting for their skin or meat, being killed by cars, and being injured by farm equipment.
Lions have been brought into captivity to help save them from extinction, but not all attempts have been successful. Some institutions may breed lions in order to sell their offspring as pets or stunt horses. They also may keep lions as a source of entertainment or as a way to make money. These practices are illegal in most countries where captive lions are kept.
Lions need large areas where they can live in peace with other animals and free-range over large tracts of land so they can find food and reproduce. If these conditions aren't given then the lions will disappear forever.
In conclusion, there are still lions in Nigeria, but they're only found in two protected areas. It is important for people not to kill them because this would be illegal and could result in heavy penalties.
Furthermore, the cheetah has been pushed out of 91% of its ancient range—the giant cats formerly roamed virtually all of Africa and parts of Asia, but their population is now mostly restricted to six African countries: Angola, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa, and Mozambique. Even here, though, they are far from being secure.
The cheetah is still classified as endangered, because of high mortality due to road accidents and domestic dog attacks. However, there are currently about 6500 cheetahs left in the world, which is an increase of about 50 individuals since 2010. That's better than might have been expected considering that only a few decades ago there were less than 10,000 cheetahs left on Earth.
Since 1970, cheetahs have increased their range by more than 20%, largely due to conservation efforts. In particular, cheetahs are successfully bred in captivity and released into the wild. The cats play an important role in the ecosystem because they keep prey populations down so that humans don't go after them. Without cheetahs, there would be no balance between humans and predators.
Cheetahs used to live in India and Pakistan, but these populations are also thought to be extinct. Now they're only found in the Middle East.
In Africa, cheetahs live primarily in southern Africa.
- Historically, the lion (Panthera leo) population in Ghana has received little attention, and its status is unknown. Following recent fruitless attempts to locate indications of the species' presence, many scholars now feel that the Ghanaian lion population is most likely extinct. The last confirmed sighting of a live lion in Ghana was in 1916.
- The lion population decline began in the late 19th century when Europeans started appearing in large numbers on African soil, primarily looking for trade goods such as ivory and oil. Lions were often killed for their skins or captured to be used as game animals in European zoos. In fact, according to some estimates, up to 99% of all lions lived in captivity before 1920.
- Today, there are only an estimated 350-500 lions left in Africa. Of these, about 250 live in South Africa, while the remaining 100-150 individuals can be found in Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Ghana.
- According to some reports, Ghana's lion population was as high as 30 individuals back in 1916. However, other sources say that this number is too high because it assumes that all lions seen by hunters were alive at the time. It is more likely that only half of them were still healthy enough to hunt so the true figure could be as low as 10 individuals.