In 2007, there were 15 named storms, 6 of which became hurricanes and 2 of which were major hurricanes. This year, three tropical storms (Barry, Erin, and Gabrielle) and one hurricane (Humberto) made landfall on the mainland United States, making it a very calm season. The most intense storm was Hurricane Rita, which caused $40 billion in damage across six states when it struck southeast Texas in 2005.
The average number of hurricanes per year is around 100. So, about 9 out of 10 seasons will have at least one hurricane. However, the actual number of hurricanes that form each year varies greatly, depending on how many systems develop and reach tropical storm strength. Since 1950, there have been only nine years without any major hurricanes (Category 3 or greater).
Here are the numbers: 2015 - first full year with 13 named storms 2014 - first full year with 12 named storms 2013 - second consecutive year with 11 named storms 2012 - third consecutive year with 10 named storms 2011 - fourth consecutive year with 9 named storms 2010 - fifth consecutive year with 8 named storms 2009 - sixth consecutive year with 7 named storms 2008 - seventh consecutive year with 6 named storms 2007 - eighth consecutive year with 5 named storms 2006 - ninth consecutive year with 4 named storms 2005 - tenth consecutive year with 3 named storms 2004 - eleventh consecutive year with 2 named storms 2003 - twelfth consecutive year with 1 named storm
The 2004 Atlantic Hurricane Outlook predicted an active hurricane season, and there were 15 named storms, nine of which became hurricanes. Four of the hurricanes-Charley, Frances, Ivan, and Jeanne-all hit Florida within a few days of one other. The most intense storm of all was Charley, which peaked with winds of 130 miles per hour (209 km/h).
Florida's 2004 hurricane season was the most expensive in history. It caused at least $72 billion in damage and five deaths. Two of those deaths occurred when a driver fell asleep at the wheel of his car and crashed into a cemetery wall. A third death was indirectly related to the hurricane activity-a 46-year-old man drowned while trying to save his dog who had gotten into trouble during the floodwaters.
Fort Lauderdale was directly affected by all four hurricanes. Its beaches suffered significant damage, and its business district was also heavily damaged.
The death of 19-year-old Joshua Hardy in a car crash while rescuing his pet rabbit from rising floodwater is what many people call the "first casualty" of hurricanes.
The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season featured the most number of named storms ever recorded. 2. The season lasted from June through the beginning of January the following year. Three of the 15 storms that developed made direct hits on the United States. Hurricane Charley, which caused 62 deaths in Florida, and Hurricanes Katia and Lee, both of which caused considerable damage in Mexico and Texas, respectively.
This past season broke all previous records for most tropical storms formed in a season. It also broke the record for most hurricanes with three. According to scientists at NOAA's National Climatic Data Center, this season's activity is about equal to average. They estimate that between 6 and 10 hurricanes will form this season, with 3 or 4 likely becoming major hurricanes - storms that are estimated to have winds of 111 mph or more.
The most intense hurricane on record is Katrina. It had maximum sustained winds of 165 miles per hour (270 km/hr) and a minimum central pressure of 870 millibars (mmHg). This makes it an ultra-intense tropical storm. Tropical storms are defined as large areas of clouds surrounded by air of varying temperatures and pressures. They can be either warm or cold fronts that move across the planet's tropics, or cyclones when associated with a typhoon or hurricane.
It is important to remember that hurricanes are products of strong wind and high water levels.
Storm Humberto was the only hurricane to make landfall on the continent of the United States in 2007, swiftly developing to hurricane status in the early morning hours of September 13. This storm is responsible for one fatality. The death occurred in Lincoln County, which is located in the U.S. state of Nebraska. The victim was a female in her late 20s or early 30s; she died after being ejected from her home during the storm's peak winds.
Landfalling hurricanes are not uncommon in the United States, though they usually do not result in any fatalities. It is rare for a hurricane to remain at hurricane strength for long enough to cause significant damage or make more than a brief appearance ashore. Landfalls include those that occur when a tropical cyclone moves over land or near land (such as an island). They can also occur when a tropical cyclone rapidly intensifies while moving inland or away from land. Storms that intensify this quickly are called "rapid intensifiers".
The most intense known hurricane to hit the United States was Hurricane Camille, which peaked with maximum sustained wind speeds of 180 miles per hour (290 km/hr) and a minimum barometric pressure of 905 mbar (27.49 inHg) before making landfall near Crystal River, Florida, on August 15, 1969.
Unsurprisingly, hurricanes are named by meteorologists. The World Meteorological Organization has six separate lists for hurricanes in the Atlantic, each with 21 names—one for each letter except Q, U, X, Y, and Z. These names are assigned at their meeting in December of each year.
The lists are drawn up by committees composed of members from different countries who have an interest in hurricane science. Members may be scientists or officials with an interest in weather issues, such as ministers of agriculture or defense departments. New names are added to each list in order of introduction. Names on any given list cannot be used again until 10 years have passed since they were last used. Sometimes names are removed from use when they are found to be inappropriate, such as after a person has died. Hurricane Alberto was planned to be called "Emil" but this name was changed after the death of Emilio Gonzalez-Rodriguez, a Mexican scientist who had been working on the storm's effects for NASA.
In addition to people involved in meteorology, hurricanes can also be named after figures from history, literature, art, and music. For example, Hurricane Betsy killed 65 people in 1965. The victims are memorialized by a monument in Washington, D.C., that is decorated with representations of the hurricane's damage.
Hurricanes are the most powerful storms on the planet. Depending on where they occur, these storms are referred to as typhoons or cyclones. All of these storms are referred to scientifically as "tropical cyclones." Hurricanes are only tropical cyclones that originate over the Atlantic or eastern Pacific oceans. They are so named because they form in association with tropical latitudes and oceanic currents. Scientists think hurricanes may be caused by differences in temperature between water and air above a surface current such as an ocean or large lake. As the atmosphere above this liquid layer heats up due to the lack of clouds or any other kind of reflective material, it expands rapidly. This expansion causes the atmospheric pressure to drop, which triggers more wind toward from the ocean to fill the gap left by the escaping gas.
When hurricanes strike land, they can cause extensive damage and death. Hurricanes can reach speeds of 280 miles per hour (450 km/hr) or more and stretch for hundreds of miles. They are responsible for many deaths each year. In addition, hurricanes can destroy buildings, contaminate drinking water, and trigger geological events (such as landslides) that lead to human casualties even years after the storm has passed. However, when compared to other types of storms, hurricanes are very rare. They account for about 1% of all cloud-related disasters each year. Of those, about 80% are either hurricanes or tropical storms. The other 20% include heavy snowstorms, floods, and drought-related incidents such as famine.