The IUCN lists the Sechuran fox as Near Threatened, owing mostly to habitat loss, which has been particularly severe in Ecuador. It is estimated that there are less than 15,000 people living in the wild. That's about the same number of elephants in Thailand.
The Sechuran fox was first described by Edward Blyth and John Edward Gray in 1864. They named it Vulpes sechuana after the Sechuan province in northern Pakistan and India where the type specimen was collected. The word "sechuran" is derived from the Sechua language. It means "animal with three tails."
In addition to its Pakistani name, it is also known as the Bolivian fox, Chilean fox, and Mexican gray fox.
This species is unique among canids because it possesses a tail with special folds that function as sensory organs. These folds are located above each foot where they can be moved independently to detect vibrations in the ground. The tail may be used in addition to or instead of the other senses during movement in the bush.
The Sechuran fox lives in mountainous regions of South America from southern Peru to northwestern Argentina. Its range does not include Chile which belongs to South America.
The Sechuran fox (Lycalopex sechurae), commonly known as the Peruvian desert fox or the Sechuran zorro, is a tiny South American canid related to other South American "false" foxes or zorros. It takes its name from its location in northeastern Peru's Sechura Desert. This species is only about 10% of a standard fox weight (1-2 kg) and has a short, thick tail with a curved tip that is used in balance when running. Its legs are short and its toes have strong claws.
Foxes usually eat insects and small animals, but they will also eat fruit and vegetables if these don't fit their dietary needs. Insects are an important part of a fox's diet, so if you want to know what foods are likely to be found in their feces then look for evidence of wasp and bee nests and insect trails. Foxes may also eat small rodents, amphibians, and reptiles, but these would make up a small percentage of their total body weight.
In general, foxes are shy and avoid people, but there have been cases where they have attacked humans. If you come into contact with a fox then stay calm and quiet, without moving or making any noise yourself. Let it go about its business and it should leave you alone. However, if the fox continues to approach or attack then take out your phone and snap some pictures. Scientists will use this information to learn more about this rare species.
The Arctic fox is not threatened globally, and it is believed that there are thousands of Arctic foxes left in the wild. However, two arctic fox populations are threatened. One in Russia has been reduced to roughly 90 animals due to mange induced by dog-introduced ear ticks. The other in Greenland has only 40 individuals after being affected by a parasite called red fox tapeworm.
Arctic foxes live in northern regions around the world, including Canada, Greenland, Russia, and the United States. They are famous for their white coloration and large ears that stick out from their head when they stand up on their legs.
In the United States, the Arctic fox used to be found across most of the country, but now exists only in Alaska and northern Canada. Overhunting for its fur led to the species' extinction in most of Europe and Asia except for Norway, where there are thought to be about 1,000 individuals. In Africa, an outbreak of rabies has been reported among Arctic foxes in South Africa, and this threatens the survival of this species there too.
In Russia, efforts have been made to protect the Arctic fox population. Currently, no hunting of this species is allowed, and people are asked not to kill them while out walking their dogs. If you encounter an injured or sick Arctic fox, you should call a wildlife rehabilitator at once so that proper treatment can be provided.