Cricket (family Gryllidae), any of over 2,400 species of jumping insects (order Orthoptera) found worldwide and distinguished by the male's melodious chirping. The female insect is usually about 1/8 inch long while the male is about 1/4 inch. Most cricket species are edible and some are used as human food. Not all parts of the animal are eaten; only the greenish-yellow abdominal segments are considered tasty.
The order Orthoptera comprises two other families of insects: Acrididae (grasshoppers) and Locustidae (locusts). There are about 6,000 living species of cricket, including both herbivorous and carnivorous species. The oldest fossil evidence of a cricket comes from China and dates back to 33 million years ago. Today, crickets are popular pets that are kept as a hobby by many people around the world.
In 2012, scientists estimated that there are about 2,500 to 5,000 species of crickets. They base this estimate on the fact that no one has ever seen even half of the known species so their estimate must be somewhat close to the truth.
Crickets belong to the subphylum Crustacea, which also includes crabs and lobsters.
Families of "Cricket" Gryllidae-"true crickets," Mogoplistidae-"scaly crickets," Phalangopsidae-"spider-crickets" and its associates, Trigonidiidae-"sword-tail crickets," and wood or ground-crickets, Aegidinidae-"aegis-winged-crickets." There are about 2300 species in 85 genera in these six families.
The three largest cricket families are the Gryllidae, Mogoplistidae, and Phalangopsidae. They are all found in the New World, except for one species of Scutigerinae that is found in the Old World.
In addition to these three large families, there are two smaller ones in the New World: the Trigonidiidae and the Aegidinidae. They both have only a few dozen species each.
Looking at their distribution on Earth, it can be seen that these six families are spread across the whole planet, with some exceptions such as Antartica where no crickets can be found.
However, most crickets live in Asia and Africa. This is because these are the richest countries when it comes to biodiversity, with many different types of animals.
Cave and camel crickets, mole crickets, Jerusalem crickets (also known as sand or stone crickets), and pygmy mole crickets are among them. True crickets are members of the Gryllidae family, which is part of the Orthoptera order, which also includes grasshoppers and katydids.
The word "cricket" comes from the Latin word "cricetus," which means "little head." This refers to the shape of the skull of a cricket. Other names for cricket include brake, bush, field, fly, green bug, insect, and lizard. There are more than 700 species of crickets worldwide, most belonging to two families: Gryllidae (true crickets) and Grylloidea (false crickets). Of these, six species in three genera belong to Australia and New Guinea.
True crickets have distinct males and females. The males have small organs called tymbals that beat against the skin when they call for mates. The sound they make is similar to that of a washing machine spinning its dishwasher at full speed. Female cave and camel crickets produce eggs in large clusters on leaves and other surfaces. The female carries the eggs inside her body until they hatch. She then eats any remaining offspring.
Mole crickets live under rocks and stones in fields and gardens. They use their powerful front legs to break up the soil with which they build their nests.
Other insects in the order Orthoptera and suborder Ensifera that have the word cricket as part of their common name include mole crickets (family Gryllotalpidae), ant crickets (family Myrmecophilidae), camel crickets, and cave crickets, in addition to the family Gryllidae ("real crickets").
Crickets were named after the town of Crickhowell in Wales, where they are believed to have originated. The first recorded use of the term was in 1556. Before that time, they were variously called grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, or tree crickets.
There are many different species of cricket. They are divided into two main groups: true crickets, which come from the family Gryllidae; and bush crickets, which belong to the family Tettigoniidae.
True crickets can be found worldwide but are most abundant in tropical regions with warm summers. There are about 7,000 species in 80 genera within the family Gryllidae.
Bush crickets are much more diverse than true crickets - there are about 9,500 species in 150 genera within the family Tettigoniidae - but only about 30 species are found in North America.
Both true crickets and bush crickets make chirping noises by vibrating their wings back and forth rapidly.
This family contains over 900 different species of crickets. In the United States, there are around 100 species. True crickets have flattened bodies, antennae the length of or longer than their bodies, and two sets of wings. They also have strong rear legs, which let them to leap considerable distances. False crickets do not have these features. They look more like grasshoppers and belong to a separate order, Gomphocerinae.
In this article, we will focus on the common house cricket (Acheta domesticus). Also known as American cricket, this insect belongs to the family Gryllidae. It is one of the most abundant insects in North America and its population can increase dramatically after a rainstorm due to its high reproductive rate. The common house cricket can grow up to 5mm long and live for about three months.
There are several varieties of house crickets found worldwide. However, only four species are found in North America. These include A. domesticus, A. opacus, A. signatus, and A. sylvanus. Of these, A. domesticus is by far the most abundant and widespread.
Other names for house crickets include oven-bird, firefly, garden cricket, and ground cricket.
House crickets are important in agriculture because they feed on many harmful insects such as aphids and other crickets.
Field crickets are most likely the crickets you hear chirping outside throughout the summer. These can be found in a variety of settings, including woods, laws, and even caverns. They can be seen in thick grass as well. While they spend the most of their time outside, they can come inside during the wet and cold seasons.
Crickets that live in houses usually come from outdoors. They are usually found near their birthplace, so if you see many crickets nearby grass or soil, there must be a cricket farm not far away. Cricket farms raise thousands of crickets for food and entertainment. The meat is sold in markets and the legs are used in cricket flour.
In the wild, field crickets eat plants and insects. They collect sugar from fruits and juices from seeds. They also take in oxygen through their system of breathing which works like a pump. This way they don't need to breathe every time they open their mouth like other animals do.
People love eating crickets because of their flavor. They taste like chicken but are low in calories (20 per cricket) and contain high amounts of protein (35 percent). Although they are related to spiders and scorpions, no one eats them for food because they feel different when eaten compared to other arthropods such as ants and beetles.
In the summer, you will often see people out collecting crickets to feed to their pets or use them in games.