The snake, contrary to its name, is not black. Instead, it is gray to dark brown in hue, with a lighter underside. The color black refers to the interior of the snake's mouth; green mambas and other snakes have white mouths. The black mamba may be found in rocky savannas as well as lowland forests. Although they are capable of living in higher elevations, they usually do not. They prefer warm climates but will tolerate cooler temperatures if they can find something to lie in during hot days. Eating meat provides access to more nutrients than plants alone, so eating insects is best for this snake. It will eat almost anything else you give it, including mice, rats, lizards, frogs, and birds. Eggs and babies need special care, though; don't handle them without gloves or wear jewelry made of metal or leather, which the mother may take as a threat and attack.
Black mambas typically grow to be about 1 meter (3 feet) long. There are reports of larger individuals up to 1.8 meters (6 feet) in length and 15 kilograms (33 pounds).
Like all cobras, the black mamba has venom that can kill a human if enough of the venom enters their system. However, because these snakes tend to keep their venom inside their bodies, there is less risk of humans being harmed by them.
The black mamba is recognized as the world's deadliest snake. It's a dangerous grassland reptile. The black mamba is mainly active during the day, searching for birds and small animals in the grasslands. They will not come into contact with humans unless driven by hunger or if you attract them with food.
Black mambas are named so because of the color of their skin, which is dark brown to black. Although they can grow to be three feet long, most are only 30 inches or less.
There are two species of black mamba: the greater black mamba and the lesser black mamba. They look almost identical, except that the greater black mamba has bands of darker brown around its body. Both species occur in Africa. The snakes function as locally endemic subspecies within that continent's grasslands ecosystems.
In addition to being deadly, these snakes are also popular because they reproduce rapidly, typically producing more than 100 eggs per year! The eggs are white at first, but later turn greenish-black. They are glued to the ground where they will remain until ready to hatch. The incubation period is about 60 days.
When threatened, a black mamba will hiss and strike out with its venomous fangs. The great size of this snake makes it difficult to handle without getting bitten yourself.
If left alone, black Mamba snakes may spend lengthy amounts of time in their lairs, which are commonly deserted insect mounds or hollow trees. Black mamba snakes are diurnal snakes that pursue prey at all hours of the day and night. They will usually avoid people unless threatened or provoked.
Black mambas are endemic to tropical Africa, where they can be found in a wide variety of habitats including dry savannas, moist savannas, forests, and farm land. Although rarely seen because of its toxicity, the black mamba is considered an endangered species due to loss of habitat. There are no known cases of humans being killed by this snake, but if confronted or bitten it should be treated immediately by a qualified professional.
When confronted, black mambas are swift, anxious, lethally poisonous, and extremely aggressive. They've been blamed for a slew of human fatalities, and African legends inflate their talents to legendary levels. For these reasons, the black mamba is commonly regarded as the world's most lethal snake. It can strike at any distance, and its venom is fatal even after hours apart from a suitable antidote.
However, not all bites from this species are equal. The mortality rate from black mamba venom is high because many victims do not receive proper treatment immediately after being bitten. Also, some people are immune to the toxin because it has no effect on them. In fact, only 10 percent of those who are bitten by this snake die from it.
The black mamba has long been used in traditional medicine, especially in South Africa, where it is known as the "death snake." No one knows exactly how old it is, but scientists estimate that it has existed for at least 200 years. There are reports of it as early as 1658, when it was described by Dutch explorers in what is now South Africa.
It may have gained notoriety because of its use by the Nazis during World War II. One story says that they tested the effectiveness of their venom by injecting it into captive cobras. However, this practice ended when it was found out that the Nazis were using cobras with radio transmitters attached to their tails.
Each fang of the black mamba is born with two to three droplets of venom. It is a fanged snake with fangs up to 6.5 mm long placed in the front of the upper jaw. A single drop of venom is enough to kill an adult human. This implies that even juvenile black mambas may be lethal. Their heads remain hidden beneath their body during most of their motion, which helps them avoid detection.
The black mamba has powerful muscles in its neck that allow it to strike with tremendous force. Such is the power of its venom that even after being bitten on the hand or foot, someone may still experience severe pain and require medical attention. The severity of the symptoms will depend on how many times the person is bitten. Anyone who has been bitten by a black mamba should receive immediate medical care to prevent death from occurring.
The black mamba's venom is fatal because it attacks the heart, lungs, and blood vessels. This causes severe internal bleeding which eventually leads to shock, organ failure, and often death.
Although black mambas are found in Africa, they have spread to other parts of the world where they have been introduced as cargo on ships or transported in the luggage of travelers. If you come into contact with a black mamba then you should seek medical help immediately.