The Gobi Desert is quite chilly. It is so cold that it snows in the winter and frost sometimes blankets the dunes. This is owing to its closeness to the north and its elevation of 910–1,520 meters (2,990–4,990 feet) above sea level. The average temperature ranges from -15°C to 0°C.
In summer, the temperature can reach 50°C. But like any other desert, the Gobi is prone to heat waves and flash floods caused by heavy rain. The water evaporates quickly, leaving behind a dry landscape susceptible to fire.
People have been living in the Gobi for many centuries. But only recently has tourism become popular here. In fact, the Gobi is one of China's top tourist destinations. There are many reasons why people love going there including the ancient culture, beautiful landscapes, and even some ghost towns. If you're planning on visiting the Gobi, here are some things to know before you go.
The Gobi gets a lot of traffic due to its location near Mongolia's capital city of Beijing and its proximity to Russia's border. So be prepared for long lines at the gas stations and food stalls when you visit during peak season (spring and fall).
Also known as "the empty land", the Gobi was once inhabited by humans. But after years of war and destruction, only ruins remain today.
The Gobi is a frigid desert in general, with frost and snow on the dunes on occasion. The Gobi may reach -40 degrees Celsius (-40 degrees Fahrenheit) in the winter and 45 degrees Celsius (113 degrees Fahrenheit) in the summer because to these winds. The Gobi climate, on the other hand, is one of enormous extremes, with temperature swings of up to 35 °C (63 °F). Rainfall is sparse, so water is scarce; when it does rain, it can dump up to 80 centimeters (32 inches) in a season.
Parts of the Gobi are rich in oil, but most of it is buried under sand. This means it's inaccessible except by digging it out yourself. A small amount is extracted from the region through wells, but most of it comes from elsewhere and is transported there for processing.
The Gobi used to be forested, but now almost all that remains are grasslands and shrubs. This is because people have been clearing them off to make way for livestock or farmland.
Most of the Gobi is part of a large national park called the Gobi Desert. It was established in 1990 and covers more than 1 million hectares (2.5 million acres). People are allowed to live within the park's boundaries but only if they have special permits which include housing people cannot afford.
Some scientists are concerned about global warming changing the climate of the Gobi, but others say there's no need to worry about this because the desert is already pretty stable.
The weather in the Gobi Desert is harsh. The temperature fluctuates during the day, month, and year. The temperature in the Gobi desert reaches -38 degrees Celsius at its coldest and +42 degrees Celsius at its hottest during the summer. The winter temperature in the Gobi desert is between -15degC and -30degC, while the summer average temperature ranges between +25degC and +38degC. There are two seasons in the Gobi Desert: summer and winter.
The Gobi Desert has a wide variety of weather conditions. You can expect all four seasons in the Gobi within a span of just a few hours. Spring and fall are the best times to visit the Gobi, when the daytime temperatures are not too high nor too low.
Summer in the Gobi means long days with no clouds in the sky. However, nighttime temperatures can be very low, so make sure you have enough clothing ready for those changes in weather. Winters in the Gobi are known for their extreme temperatures; it usually does not rain much in the desert in the winter, which results in more than just a dry atmosphere- also a lot of wind!
There are two ways to travel to the Gobi Desert from China. One is by plane, which takes about five hours, and the other is by train, which takes about seven hours.
In conclusion, the weather in the Gobi Desert is different throughout the year. Be prepared for all types of weather, from hot summers to bitter winters.