What are two ways that water on land is returned to the oceans?

What are two ways that water on land is returned to the oceans?

Water ultimately returns to the ocean in the form of precipitation that falls directly into the sea as well as precipitation that falls on land and flows to the ocean via rivers. More water evaporates over land than falls as precipitation. Therefore, more water must flow inland to replace what was lost by evaporation.

Rainwater collected in containers can be used for outdoor purposes such as watering gardens or washing cars. Some municipalities may have regulations about how much rainwater can be collected or it may be limited by the size of your container. It is best to check with your local government about their policies regarding this practice. Using containerized rainwater reduces the amount of runoff from your property that ends up in local streams or rivers not able to absorb all of the pollution they receive.

The water that flows into lakes and seas comes from three main sources: rainfall, groundwater discharge and snowmelt. Lakes act as large reservoirs, storing water year-round and supplying it as needed. Groundwater is the source for almost all continental lakes because they do not contain enough salt to come from seawater through evaporation. Most lakes cannot store much water beyond a few years due to soil erosion and loss of vegetation near the lake's shoreline.

Sea water contains more salt than fresh water.

Where does most of the water that falls back to Earth go?

The majority of precipitation falls back into the oceans or onto land, where it runs over the ground as surface runoff owing to gravity. A part of runoff joins rivers in landscape valleys, with streamflow carrying water to the seas. The rest stays on the land and contributes to the growth of plants and soil fertility. This water is called infiltrating rainwater or deep percolation. Some of it enters groundwater reservoirs, which feed streams when they reach their capacity. Some remains on the surface to form puddles or lakes.

Ocean currents also carry water around the world. For example, water from the Indian Ocean travels across the South Pacific Ocean to fuel the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. This flow of water is important for maintaining an average temperature in the Southern Ocean and preventing ice shelves from forming there. Water from the Atlantic Ocean flows into the Caribbean Sea through the Panama Canal and forms the Pacific Ocean current along the North American coast.

Water vapor is the main constituent of clouds, and clouds contain about 70% water by mass. When it rains, some of this water returns to earth as liquid drops. The other 30% remains in the form of ice or steam above ground or underground. This is known as the hydrologic cycle or water cycle.

Rainfall occurs when clouds form droplets large enough to fall under the force of gravity.

How does water transfer when it evaporates from the ocean?

The majority of the water that evaporates from the seas returns to the oceans as precipitation. Only approximately 10% of the water evaporated from the seas makes its way to land and falls as precipitation. A water molecule spends roughly 10 days in the air after it has evaporated. During this time, it can travel up to 1000 miles before it drops as rain or snow.

Evaporation is the process by which water loses its liquid state through loss of mass without a change in chemical composition. The three main ways that water can evaporate are radiation, conduction, and evaporation. Water vapor is the only gaseous form of water that exists in the atmosphere. When water vapor condenses into liquid droplets, it becomes rain or snow. Evaporation and precipitation are two sides of the same water cycle. Precipitation is the process by which water turns from a liquid to a gas, while evaporation is the process by which water turns from a liquid to a gas without passing through the solid phase.

In general, precipitation occurs when clouds form over warm moist ground or water bodies. As moisture in the air particles collide with each other, some of them fall out of suspension as liquid droplets. The remaining particles continue on as dry air. Radiation cooling causes surface temperatures to drop below the dew point temperature, at which point water vapor begins to condense into liquid droplets that can be swept away by wind.

How does water get from one place to another?

Water evaporates from soils, from vegetation, and from bodies of water (such as rivers, lakes, and oceans). This evaporating water condenses into clouds as water vapour and falls to Earth as rain or snow. Returning water either falls straight into the seas or falls as snow or rain on land. Some of this returning water may be fresh water that flows back into the ocean, but some of it may be saltwater that was once part of a lake or sea and then returned to its original state when no longer in contact with the atmosphere.

Evaporation is the process by which water vapor in the air is converted into liquid water. Evaporation occurs because water vapor is less dense than air; thus, it floats up toward the sky unless prevented from doing so by an obstacle. The term "evaporate" comes from the Latin word for "drink," evapero, since that is what happens to the water vapor.

The amount of water evaporated from oceans, lakes, and puddles is enormous - more than 100 times the flow of the Amazon River. Much of this return water is as salty as the ocean but some is fresh water that flows back into the ocean.

Land surfaces are covered by plants that use the energy from the sun's rays to produce sugars that they store in their tissues. These plants include trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants such as grasses.

How does water get from the oceans onto land?

How is water transported from the oceans to land? Ocean water evaporates to generate liquid water, which flows into the sky, where it condenses into liquid water and falls to land as rain. More water would be present in the atmosphere. The presence of more water in the atmosphere would increase the probability that it would fall as rain rather than being vaporized by the sun.

Another way water gets from the ocean to land is through ice. If a lot of water exists in frozen form, it can flow like liquid water but is called ice. Most of the water on Earth is in ice forms, either as sea ice or freshwater ice. Water can also be locked up in glaciers or permafrost. As these things move they can carry water with them but only so far before they run out of motion. At that point the water is trapped forever.

Water can also be carried by wind. Water vapor is moved by winds just like dust or sand. When air is moving over water, it will always try to go where the water is not. So clouds are formed when water vapor rises into the atmosphere and finds no place to go except off to the side of the planet (or space station) away from the sun. When this happens, it produces a thick layer of cloud cover over an area of land or water. These clouds can block out the sun completely, causing days of darkness and cold weather.

About Article Author

Steven Reeves

Steven Reeves loves the natural world, and he loves to tell stories about it. Steve has an interest in geology, and he especially enjoys exploring rocks and minerals. His favorite thing to do is find out what stories these thousands of years old rocks can tell you!

Disclaimer

BrownfieldSummit.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.

Related posts