The amount of a hazardous material that must be emitted before the EPA mandates notice to the National Response Center is known as the reportable quantity. These figures are based on volume. For example, if a container holding 1,000 gallons of liquid contains 10 percent alcohol, then the reportable quantity is 90 gallons. This means that if you open this container, you have to emit 90 gallons or more into the environment in order to get required by law.
All hazardous materials are classified either as reportable or nonreportable. A reportable waste is one that has a reportable quantity. Nonreportable wastes do not need to be reported until they reach the threshold value for reporting. For example, batteries greater than 4 pounds are considered hazardous materials. However, batteries less than 4 pounds can be discarded in regular trash bins at schools and businesses with low-level waste disposal facilities. Batteries should not be placed in landfill sites because they contain toxic substances that can leach into the soil and water supply.
There are two types of reportable wastes: acute and chronic. Acute reportable wastes are those that may cause serious injury upon exposure even though the total amount involved is small. Examples of acute wastes include blood, bone fragments, and broken glass. Chronic reportable wastes are those that may cause damage over time if they are not disposed of properly.
A dangerous material The amount of a hazardous material that must be discharged into the environment before the EPA mandates notice of the release to the National Response Center is referred to as a reportable quantity (RQ). These number designations may be found in 49 CFR 172.101 Appendix A, Tables 1 and 2. For example, under Table 1, a quantity of 1.12 ounces (32 grams) of sodium hydroxide is considered reportable.
Sodium hydroxide is listed as a hazardous material by the EPA. Thus, any amount of it that is released into the environment must be reported to the appropriate agency. If an employer fails to notify federal authorities about a release or threatened release of a reportable quantity of a hazardous substance, they could be fined up to $25,000 per incident. Employers who fail to properly clean up a site after a release or threat of a release are also subject to fines.
The RQ value is important because it determines what type of reporting requirement applies to a given release. For example, if a worker was exposed to one-half of a RQ of sodium hydroxide, then that employee would have been potentially exposed to a hazardous substance. Because reporting requirements vary depending on how much of the RQ was released, it's important to know the amount of the hazardous material that was dispersed into the environment.
The first is, "What does the "RQ" on the shipping paper signify, and when must it be used?" When transporting hazardous products, wastes, and marine pollutants, the reportable quantity or hazardous substance standards must always be taken into account. There are two aspects to the definition of a dangerous material. One is its weight, and the other is its concentration or amount per unit of weight.
An answer to this question requires knowledge of the regulations that control transportation of hazardous materials by air, rail, and truck. These regulations vary by mode but in general they limit the total amount of hazardous material that can be transported in a trip (called a "consignment"). The RQ indicates the maximum amount of a single product that will be transported in the shipment. It is important to note that the RQ value refers only to the quantity of the actual hazardous material; it does not include packaging material, paperwork, or other items that may also be contained in the consignment.
For example, if the RQ value for toxic chemicals is 10 pounds, then no more than 10 pounds of the chemical can be shipped in one container. If you were to ship more than 10 pounds, you would have to break down the contents of the container into separate shipments under the limits specified in the regulations. A shipment containing 11 pounds of toxic chemicals would be reported as a hazardous material on a cargo manifest and would need to comply with all relevant regulations.
5. Column 2 of Table 1 is named "Reportable quantity (RQ)," and it provides the reportable amount (RQ), in pounds and kilograms, for each hazardous material mentioned in Column 1. 5. Throughout Tables 1 and 2, a number of notes are included to offer further information about particular dangerous compounds. For example, note #3 explains that sulfuric acid is used as a cleaning agent at many oil refineries because it dissolves petroleum contaminants without damaging the equipment that is used in the refining process.
These are the rules that govern which papers you must report on and how much of each type of material you can bring in your shipment.
The second question is, "Why do we need to know the RQ when filing our customs forms?" You need to know what amount of hazardous substances you can import into your country because each country has its own limits on what types of substances they will allow into their country. Some countries may even have separate laws for imported and domestic hazardous materials! Knowing these limits can help you avoid any problems at the border.
For example, let's say you are from Canada and you want to ship an old television set up onto the National Television Council recycling program. You would need to know about the limit for televisions set not only as imported merchandise but also as recycled material since the TV would be dismantled before being sent into the landfill. If the set was more than 75% dismantled then it would be considered recycled material and could be brought in under the Canadian Recycling Program. However, if it were shipped as imported merchandise then it would be limited to less than 25 kg (55 lb) of solid waste.