Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a flowering tree species in the mulberry and jackfruit family (Moraceae) that is thought to be a domesticated descendent of Artocarpus camansi that originated in New Guinea, the Maluku Islands, and the Philippines. It first extended to Oceania as a result of the Austronesian expansion. There are two varieties: var. Integrifolius has leaves with veins running along the edge, while var. Sinuatodens was once believed to be a separate species until it was discovered that it is just a variety with very large leaves.
In Australia, the term "breadfruit" refers to the coconut-like fruit produced by some species of Pandanus. The true breadfruit is different in appearance and taste to the pandanus fruits.
The scientific name for the breadfruit tree is Artocarpus altilis, which means "high heartwood." This tree has become well known because of its large edible fruit that contain many small seeds inside a hard shell.
How do you eat a breadfruit seed? You don't! The inside of the seed is a starchy fiber called glukoaraiose, which provides much-needed soluble fiber for those on gluten-free diets. Gluten is a protein found in wheat that can cause problems for people who are allergic to it or have issues digesting it. Breadfruit seeds are high in antioxidants and vitamin C but also contain moderate amounts of iron, calcium, and magnesium.
Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis), a mulberry tree (Moraceae) with big fruits, is a staple diet in the South Pacific and other tropical locations. The breadfruit grows in tropical climates around the world, especially in regions with a hot humid climate such as south-east Asia, Australia, and some parts of North America.
It is a large tree, usually growing to 20 meters tall. The trunk can be as thick as 1 meter across and may reach 10 meters high. It has dark green leaves that are ovate in shape, 3 to 5 centimeters long by 2 to 3 inches wide. Flowers appear in panicles at the end of the branches in late spring and early summer. The fruit is shaped like a huge nut with a hard shell and contains several edible sections inside. When ripe, the fruit drops to the ground where it can be gathered before it spoils.
The breadfruit was originally imported into Europe from the Caribbean but is now grown in Florida and California too. It does not do well in cold temperatures so it's unlikely to show up in an American supermarket during winter months.
Although the fruit looks like a nut, it is actually a compressed flower bud containing about 20 small seeds covered by a hard shell.
Breadfruit Breadfruit is the fruit of one of two Moraceae trees that are closely related. Artocarpus communis, commonly known as A. incisa or A. altilis, is a staple meal in the South Pacific. The tree may reach a height of 12 to 18 meters (40 to 60 feet) and has huge, oval, glossy green leaves.... The other species, Artocarpus sinensis, is found in China and grows to about 9 meters (30 feet).
When grown in water, the breadfruit tree will sometimes produce flowers, but they are usually small and inconspicuous. When planted on land, it will usually produce fruit every year until around its 20th birthday, when the rate of production begins to decline.
The breadfruit tree's trunk can grow up to 3 meters (10 feet) in diameter and live for hundreds of years. It is believed that indigenous people in parts of Africa cultivated A. communis trees for their seeds which could be stored for future use. These "bread trees" would provide food for many months since their fruits remain edible after being covered in resin.
Today, A. communis is still used extensively in tropical regions as an alternate source of food during times of famine. The fruit contains large amounts of starch and protein and is very nutritious. It can also be used to make alcohol.
Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. , sometimes known as jackfruit, is a tropical climacteric fruit of the Moraceae family that is native to India's Western Ghats and is widely distributed throughout Asia, Africa, and certain parts of South America. It grows in dense forests from 20 to 30 meters high.
The word "jack" comes from the English name for the plant, which was originally called "yerkin dowt" or "yerkyn dowte". The earliest record of the use of the word "jack" to describe the tree dates back to 1556.
It is this tree that provides the material for making most of the jacks in Asia. The pulp from the fruit is used as food, while the flower buds are cooked as a vegetable. The seeds are also eaten after being soaked in water overnight then boiled or roasted like coffee beans.
In India, the stem bark is used to make ropes and mats. The wood is hard and heavy compared to other timber trees. It is used for making carvings and household articles such as brushes and shovels.
The oil obtained from the seed pods is used in cooking and in cosmetics. Its acidic juice is used as a dye and in tanning materials.
Jack fruit trees require a lot of space to grow and spread out.