On March 18, 1925, the greatest tornado path length traveled at least 352 km (218 mi) through the US states of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana. On March 18, 1925, a tornado traveled at least 352 kilometers through Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana in the United States. It killed 695 people, the most of any tornado in American history. The tornado, which has been estimated to have been between MCS and EF5 strength, completely destroyed parts of three cities: Springfield, Missouri; Charleston, Illinois; and Richmond, Indiana.
This record was until recently held by a tornado that struck Joplin, Missouri on May 22, 2011. The tornado was on the ground for nearly 50 miles, which made it the longest-track single tornado in U.S. history. It also caused over $1 billion in damage and 10 deaths.
However, this record was recently surpassed by another long-tracked tornado that struck Moore County, North Carolina on April 14, 2012. This tornado was also estimated to be an MCS or greater based on survey markers found near damaged buildings. This storm killed five people and injured dozens more.
Longest tracked tornadoes should not be confused with deadliest tornadoes. There have been many tornadoes that have tracked for hundreds of miles but caused little or no damage due to their weak intensity. Also, some large outbreaks produce multiple strong tornadoes that can cause significant damage even if they do not reach trackable lengths.
It had the greatest route length on Earth at 219 miles (352 km), the longest duration at around 3 1/2 hours, and the highest forward speed for a large tornado anywhere on Earth at 73 mph (117 km/h). The majority of tornadoes occur during a 24-hour period.
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The "Tri-State Tornado," the worst tornado to have impact the United States, killed 695 people and wounded 2,027 others in Southern Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana in 1925. The tornado lasted 219 miles, making it the longest tornado ever recorded. It also had a wind speed of 280 mph when it struck.
This record was later broken by another large tornado that struck Oklahoma City on May 20, 1999. The F5 tornado that hit downtown Oklahoma City was an astounding 165 feet tall and was on track to be the largest tornado ever recorded with a width of 1.4 miles! It also had a wind speed of 275 mph which makes it the strongest tornado on record.
However, this giant storm produced many more deaths than just the six years ago it was surpassed. The Tri-State Tornado is still the deadliest single tornado event in American history. It injured an estimated $70 million worth of property and destroyed approximately 2,000 buildings across three states.
The path of destruction was about 200 miles long and contained some of the most devastated land you can imagine- largely empty fields and rural roads interrupted by only occasional houses and businesses. It's thought that nearly all the victims were farmers who were inside their houses at the time of the tornado and not aware of what was happening outside. They died when the roofs were blown off their homes or when they attempted to escape through open doors and windows.
The 1925 Tri-State Tornado had the fastest forward speed of a tornado on record, reaching 73 miles per hour (117 km/h). It also held the record for the largest area affected by wind from any single storm, with a maximum diameter of 600 miles (965 km).
The deadliest tornado in U.S. history killed over 300 people in five states from May 20 to May 22, 1913.
It formed over southern Indiana and moved northeastward toward downtown Chicago. The tornado then crossed into Ohio, where it destroyed buildings and caused damage up to 100 yards (90 m) wide. In Pennsylvania, it completely leveled a town of 30 houses near Erie. Finally, the tornado struck New York City, where it injured more than 200 people and killed at least seven others.
This deadly tornado is also known as the Great Black Friday Tornado due to its occurrence on that day. It was the first major tornado of the season and continued onto cause even more damage in upstate New York.
The most destructive tornado in Canadian history killed 710 people when it hit Fort William on July 5, 1814. It also destroyed much of the town and left the rest of it severely damaged.
Suter was carried up within an EF-2 tornado that blasted apart his grandmother's mobile home in Fordland that evening. Even after fifteen years, the distance remains the Guinness World Record for the farthest distance someone has ever been tossed by a tornado and survived.
The most common way people are killed by tornadoes is when they go into a building and get stuck inside. They often search for shelter but cannot find any so they stay put and wait for the storm to pass. If you're in a building and it collapses around you, try to find some way out through a window or door. Tornadoes can also kill people who aren't looking for shelter, such as people caught in traffic storms. These people usually die of shock or stress-related heart problems caused by not having proper protection from the wind and rain.
People have been surviving in tornadoes for many reasons. Maybe they were in a vehicle and were able to drive away before the tornado hit. Perhaps they took cover under a large tree. Maybe they just happened to be in a room alone and had no one else to blame for their fate. No matter what the reason, once people realize they are in danger they will do anything they can to save themselves. This may include crawling over a fence or squeezing through a window in an attempt to escape the path of the tornado.
It is very rare for people to survive a tornado attack unharmed.
Tornadoes may last anywhere from a few seconds to more than an hour. Because so many of the long-lived tornadoes documented in the early-mid 1900s and prior are thought to be tornado series, the longest-lived tornado in history is genuinely unknown. The majority of tornadoes endure fewer than ten minutes. However, some have been known to live as long as 60 minutes or more.
The average lifetime of a tornado is estimated to be around 3 minutes. This estimate is based on the fact that approximately half of all outbreaks produce at least one tornado. Also, current technology can accurately detect surface winds up to 100 miles away from major cities, which means that we should be able to see most intense portions of storms until they dissipate far away from populated areas. Finally, storm surveys after significant tornado outbreaks show that roughly half of all tornadoes are still active when surveyed.
This means that on average, tornadoes last for about three minutes. However, this number could be higher if we were to miss part of their lifecycle with no way to know it happened. On the other hand, this number could be lower if we were to find remnants years later. Either way, it's safe to say that tornadoes don't last for very long.