Tropical Prediction Center (TPC) In 1995, its name was changed to the Tropical Prediction Center. The Hurricane Specialists were organized as a separate NHC unit within the Tropical Prediction Center after the name change to TPC, isolating them from the Tropical Analysis and Forecast Branch. This new unit would become known as the Hurricane Specialist Unit. They are responsible for providing the scientific information needed by national interest governments to make informed decisions on tropical cyclone forecasts and warnings.
The Hurricane Specialist Unit is located at the National Weather Service Miami Regional Office in Key West, Florida. This office is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)'s National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).
They are one of two units at NHC that provide direct support to international partners. The other is the Typhoon Warning Center in Phuket, Thailand. The TWC supports countries in Southeast Asia with typhoon and storm warnings.
The TPC maintains an online presence at www.tropicalweather.com. Here you can find current discussions and observations related to tropical cyclones worldwide. The TPC also has a social media account called @TropicalWeather. Here they post news and information about tropical cyclones and weather events worldwide.
The TPC publishes weekly reports on tropical cyclone activity around the world.
The National Hurricane Center has been compiling lists of names for Atlantic tropical storms since 1953. These lists are presently maintained and updated by an international committee of the World Meteorological Organization. Names are assigned to individual storms in four-year cycles, with each name being used once per year. The list is published in the Monthly Weather Review.
Prior to 1953, there was no system in place for naming hurricanes. People simply gave them names as they saw fit. There were several reasons why a hurricane might have more than one name. Sometimes two different groups of people would claim ownership of the storm. Other times a storm might be named for something like "the great hurricane of 1773". Many names on today's list were given after 1953 but some were not. For example, Hazel was originally called Ella and then Edna before becoming known as Hazel.
You may have heard that there is a special word that is used when naming hurricanes. This is not true. The WMO does not use the word "hurricane" when naming storms, nor do they ever have or want to use this word. Instead, they use the term "tropical cyclone".
In addition to maintaining a list of names, the WMO also assigns numbers to each name on the list.
The National Hurricane Center (NHC) is in charge of forecasting all tropical storm activity in North America's Atlantic and Eastern Pacific basins. Satellites, reconnaissance aircraft, ships, buoys, radar, and other land-based devices play critical roles in storm surveillance and prediction.
The National Hurricane Center (NHC) is the branch of the United States' NOAA/National Weather Service responsible for tracking and predicting tropical weather systems in the northeast Pacific Ocean between the Prime Meridian and the 140th meridian west poleward to the 30th parallel north. The NHC is part of the National Weather Service.
Their mission is to provide timely and accurate warnings of dangerous storms so that people can take measures to protect themselves from loss of life, property damage, and environmental disaster.
The NHC was established on July 5, 1975, after two deadly hurricanes struck the U.S. mainland within a six-week period. It operates out of Miami, Florida, but reports its forecasts from seven different computer models for each storm. These predictions are then reviewed by hurricane experts who determine which ones should be assigned a name and publicized as such by the NHC.
Each named storm is given a number when it forms. If it becomes a hurricane, it gets an additional number. For example, if Alberto reaches Category 3 strength, they will name it as well as number it at this time. This tells people not to go out in their boats or try to drive across the Gulf of Mexico with this storm brewing in its structure.