The Gulf of Bahrain is shallow and has a poor thermal capacity. Temperatures vary greatly around the beaches, ranging from 14 to 35 degrees Celsius (57 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit). In the towns, temperatures tend to be more consistent but can still fluctuate considerably seasonally.
Bahrain has two distinct seasons: the cool season from November to April and the hot season from May to October. The coolest months are January and February while August and September are the hottest. The average temperature in Bahrain is about 10 degrees Celsius (50 degrees Fahrenheit) year-round.
There is only a slight difference between night and day temperatures in Bahrain. It is rarely cold, with an average low of 9 degrees Celsius (48 degrees Fahrenheit) and an average high of 36 degrees Celsius (97 degrees Fahrenheit). It can get very hot too; during the summer months, it can reach 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit).
Water is not considered dangerous to health in Bahrain and drinking water is generally safe to drink, although some people may have allergies or other issues with certain ingredients found in some brands of bottled water. Beachgoers should be aware that the water can be quite warm even in the winter time, so make sure to bring a towel or wear swimming shorts if you plan on spending time in the sea.
Climate. Bahrain has a desert climate. Bahrain has two seasons: a scorching hot summer and a temperate winter. Temperatures are mild in the winter months, from November to March, with temperatures ranging between 10 and 20 degrees Celsius (50 and 68 degF). The summer months are extremely hot, with daytime temperatures often reaching 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit), but night-time temperatures usually drop to around 15 degrees Celsius (59 degrees Fahrenheit). Parts of Bahrain can experience torrential rain, wind, and high waves during the monsoon season from June to September.
Rainfall. Average annual rainfall is about 30 inches (762 mm) spread over two rainy seasons. The Bahrain Peninsula receives most of its water from the Gulf Stream and tropical storms, not from the sky as in many other parts of the world. It rarely rains at night or for more than three days in a row.
Bahrain is one of the most arid countries in the Middle East. Only 3 percent of the land is considered forest, and only 4 percent is considered grassland. Most of the country is made up of deserts or semideserts. However, there are several freshwater lakes located on the mainland and an island off the coast of Bahrain called Jumbo. These lakes provide relief for people living in the surrounding area when it rains because they can store the water and use it later if needed.
During the summer months, from April to October, midday temperatures average 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) and can reach 46 degrees Celsius (114.8 degrees Fahrenheit) in June and July. Nighttime temperatures fall significantly below zero degrees Celsius (32 degrees Fahrenheit) all year round.
Bahrain is one of the most energy-consuming countries in the world. 70% of the total energy consumption is used for industrial purposes and 30% for domestic needs. The country's oil reserves are expected to be depleted by 2030 at current rates of production. Alternative sources of energy are being explored by the government.
Bahrain is also one of the most water-scarce countries in the Middle East. The nation's annual rainfall is less than 5 inches (125 millimeters) and half of that occurs during the month of February. Most of the country is desert or semidesert. But on the eastern shore of the Gulf there are forests of coconut palms and other fruit trees.
Bahrain has six national parks covering about 13 percent of its land area. They include Wadi Dawasir National Park, which is home to a large population of endangered Arabian leopards, as well as dunes, coral reefs, and mud volcanoes.
The Kingdom of Bahrain is located in the same-named archipelago. The country's climate is dry, hence the majority of its land is desert. In Bahrain, there are two seasons: a very hot summer and a warm, rainy winter. The hot season lasts from April through October, with an average daily temperature of around 40 degrees Celsius (104 degF). The winter season is from November through March, when day temperatures hover between 15 and 30 degrees Celsius (59 and 86 degF). The humidity level is extremely low, at about 10%. It rarely rains in Bahrain, but when it does, it storms for hours at a time.
Use our Bahrain weather chart to find out what the weather is going to be like in Bahrain this month. The chart can be used to see how often it rains, which parts of the country are most affected by floods or earthquakes, etc.
Qatar is especially prone to high heat since it is a peninsula in the Persian Gulf (a piece of land that extends out into water). The average surface temperature of the water in the Gulf is approximately 90.3°F (32.4°C).
In the summer, the Persian Gulf is one of the hottest waters in the world, with water temperatures exceeding 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit) from June through October, allowing for extended swims. The following are the average sea temperatures: 29 degrees C (84 degrees F) in July, 27 degrees C (80 degrees F) in August, 24 degrees C (75 degrees F) in September, and 22 degrees C (71 degrees F) in October.
These high temperatures can be dangerous for swimmers, especially children. Heatstroke can occur if body temperature rises too high; symptoms include hot skin, rapid breathing, dizziness, and collapse. Seek medical help immediately if you or someone you know has heatstroke.
The best time to visit the Persian Gulf is in the winter, when it is not too hot nor too cold and there is less rainfall than in the summer. However, even in the winter, the water may still be quite warm.
During winter months, the gulf's surface temperature varies between 10 and 20 degrees C (50-68 degrees F). In the summer, when it is 40 degrees C (104 degrees F), you would expect to find much more activity from marine animals such as dolphins and whales. However, since these creatures need open ocean waters to survive, they will usually not live in close proximity to humans.