Certain portions of the bison were occasionally consumed uncooked. Deer, elk, pronghorn, wild mustang, wild turkey, and bears were among the other creatures killed. When game was sparse, the Kiowa would consume tiny creatures like lizards and geese.
The Kiowa used their knowledge of animal behavior to trap large prey. They would set traps for bear, deer, and antelope near where they lived in order not to risk spoiling their food source. If this method failed, then they would go out into the prairie and kill them with bows and arrows.
In addition to eating meat, the Kiowa also consumed organs such as hearts, lungs, and intestines. These were usually harvested from dead animals but sometimes taken from prisoners of war. The women cooked these parts by cutting them into small pieces and boiling them in water with herbs like sage and sweet grass until they were soft.
When food was scarce, the Kiowa ate their own feces (known as "helping hands" because of its use as a signal during battle) or drank their urine (which was believed to have medicinal properties).
Kiowa children were raised in families who worked together as a unit. Parents taught their children how to take care of themselves by letting them watch while they went out on hunts or gathered food.
Aside from buffalo meat, the Kiowa Indians ate small game such as birds and rabbits, as well as wild potatoes, fruits, and nuts. Though the Kiowas did not grow much, maize was a staple in their diet. They obtained grain through trade with neighboring tribes. More information on Native American cuisine customs may be found on this page.
Though deer meat was the preferred meal, antelope, brown bear, and a variety of smaller animals, birds, and insects were also consumed. Grizzly bears, skunks, buzzards, bats, rattlesnakes, roadrunners, crows, grasshoppers, and eagles were never eaten by the Kawaiisu. They used animal skins for clothing and tools.
The Kawaiisu ate what they could get their hands on, but they were primarily hunters so they would usually choose the largest animal available since that would give them enough food to last them through winter. If there were no large animals around, then they would go after small ones or try to catch frogs, snails, and worms. None of these foods are very nutritious, but it was all they had.
They also gathered seeds from various plants and fruits, such as amaranth, coneflower, goosefoot, Indian rice, lupine, mallow, melilot, mullein, pigweed, purslane, redroot, rosinweed, salsify, shepherd's purse, sunflower, tobacco, and wild onion, but these were only sources of nutrition during times of need; none of them was worth eating in itself.
As for fish, the Kawaiisu didn't even bother trying to catch any.
Among the creatures hunted were deer, peccary, turkeys, quails, ducks, curassow, guan, spider monkeys, howler monkeys, tapirs, and armadillos. Dogs were also fed maize and fattened. Pigs were sacrificed in ceremonies to honor the gods.
The Spanish explorers who first came into contact with the Maya found their food very different to what they were used to. The Maya ate mostly meat - usually dog or turkey - with some vegetables added. They also drank a lot of beer! The Spanish preferred to drink wine and eat meat that they brought with them from Spain. This change in diet caused many illnesses for which the Maya had no cure. These illnesses included tuberculosis, leprosy, and malaria. In addition, there was no anesthesia back then so pain was very common in surgery or when someone got sick.
In fact, almost all parts of the animal were eaten by the Maya: skin, bones, feathers, blood, liver, heart, lungs, intestines, stomach contents, teeth, and udders if it was a female animal. Even insects such as ants and bees were eaten by some people. However, this practice was not common among the Maya who lived in cities since most of them were educated people who knew that eating insects was wrong.
To cook the meat, the Maya used fire.