Earthquake in Hawke's Bay The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, commonly known as the Napier earthquake, struck New Zealand at 10:47 a.m. on February 3, killing 256 people and wounding thousands more, wreaking havoc on the Hawke's Bay region. The earthquake occurred along an east-west line from Marton to Murupara to Karapiro.
It was felt in Wellington, Christchurch, and other parts of the South Island. It was the largest earthquake ever recorded in New Zealand.
The cause of the earthquake is not clear but may have been due to rising ground water levels causing rocks to slip over one another. It is believed that this movement of rock caused by the quake triggered several small aftershocks, some of which were quite severe.
Many of the deaths resulted from falling buildings rather than being hit by debris because most towns had no warning before their streets began to shake.
The damage done to roads, bridges, and railways made travel difficult for days afterward. The earthquake also destroyed many homes in its path.
People who lived through the disaster often spoke of it for the rest of their lives. Some historians believe it may have triggered memories of the 1868 Hawke's Bay earthquake, which killed 189 people.
The city of Napier and Hastings in Hawke's Bay were destroyed by New Zealand's worst earthquake on February 3, 1931. The magnitude 7.8 earthquake killed at least 256 people: 161 in Napier, 93 in Hastings, and two in Wairoa. Thousands more needed medical attention.
The earthquake started early in the morning near Napier. It was felt across most of North Island and part of South Island. In addition to killing people, it also caused major damage to roads, bridges, and buildings.
The main reason for the many deaths was that much of the city was made up of old wooden houses. These were easily damaged by an earthquake and often collapsed while their occupants slept. In fact, the word "quake-proof" does not mean immune to earthquakes but rather resistant to their effects. After the Napier earthquake, many people refused to live in wood houses again.
Another factor contributing to the high death toll was that many people were asleep when the earthquake hit. It usually takes several minutes for a large earthquake to reach the coast, so if people woke up during the initial shock they would have had no idea what was happening or why their houses were collapsing around them.
Finally, some people may have died because they could not escape their homes quickly enough. The earthquake was very violent and many people were trapped under the ruins of their houses for several days.
256 individuals The city of Napier and Hastings in Hawke's Bay were destroyed by New Zealand's worst earthquake on February 3, 1931. Most of the deaths occurred when buildings collapsed over people sleeping in them.
In addition to the fatalities, the earthquake caused much damage to public and private property. In Napier, most of the casualties were due to collapses of buildings that were mostly intact before the quake hit. After the initial shock, many people ran out into the streets to watch the buildings collapse. It took several days for all the bodies to be recovered.
The earthquake also damaged or destroyed many churches, schools, and hospitals. It is estimated that it will take decades before all the buildings in Napier are repaired or replaced.
The main cause of death was broken bones resulting from attempts to escape falling objects or avoid being hit by them. For example, people would try to run under furniture to get away from shaking tables. Others would dive under beds to escape the falling debris. Some people were even crushed between two standing walls or floors.
There were also many cases of people dying from injuries they had while trying to rescue others. For example, a man found a trapped woman and daughter under the rubble of their house.
The Hawke's Bay earthquake has claimed 256 lives (161 in Napier, 93 in Hastings, and two in Wairoa). The earthquake memorial at Napier, on the other hand, has 258 names. It is believed that all deaths resulted from collapses of buildings.
Hawke's Bay is a large region on the east coast of New Zealand's main island. It stretches from the Tasman Sea to the mountains of the central North Island. Pop. (2013) 1.4 million.
Napier is the largest city in the region and the center of the coffee industry. It was built on steep hills overlooking the Pacific Ocean. The city's name comes from Thomas Napier, who settled here in 1856. He bought land and started growing grapes for wine production but failed because of disease-related problems. Later he moved into coffee trading and made a fortune when this new market opened up. In 1870, he acquired more land and created one of the first international brands - Bordeaux wines. Today, Napiers are known for their quality brandy and spicy peppermints.
The earthquake occurred at 3:28 PM on Saturday, February 6th, 2010. Initial reports said that it had a magnitude of 7.0. But later estimates put it at 6.9 or 6.7.