(Prunus dulcis), a southwestern Asian tree with edible seeds. The tree can grow up to 20 meters tall and has red or white flowers that produce fruit from July through September.
The almond tree has been used for food and oil since ancient times, and is still cultivated for its nuts today. The fruit is eaten fresh or dried and used in cooking and baking. Almond milk is also popular worldwide as a beverage option.
The tree's wood is used for building and industry. Its leaves are used as a vegetable oil source and as a natural pesticide because they contain cyanide compounds that kill insects that feed on the tree.
Almonds are native to China but were introduced into Iran where they remain important today. They may have been brought to Europe by Arab traders but it wasn't until the 15th century that almonds are mentioned in European literature. They became widely planted after being discovered in America in 1788.
Almonds are an essential ingredient in French cuisine, particularly in desserts such as amaretto cookies and almôndegas. In Italy, Spain, and North Africa, almonds are used in confectionery and in the preparation of marzipan and nougat.
The almond (Prunus dulcis, also known as Prunus amygdalus) is a tree that is native to Iran and neighboring countries but is widely planted worldwide. Almond is also the name of this tree's tasty and extensively cultivated seed. The fruit is used for food and oil production. When broken open, the almond has a pit in its center that contains a small embryo that will grow into a nut-like kernel containing two large seeds. The almond grows in many parts of the world where there is a temperate climate. It can be found from sea level to over 3,000 feet (90 meters) above sea level.
Almonds are used in cooking and baking, either raw or after being roasted. They are also used to make alcoholic beverages, such as amaretto and anís. Almonds are a source of protein and several other nutrients such as calcium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, selenium, and folate.
The tree produces small green leaves throughout the year with no significant variation in size. The leaf shape is triangular with rounded ends and can be anywhere from 2 inches to over 10 inches (5 cm to 25 cm) long. Flowers appear in early spring before any leaves have grown and usually only last one day. Male flowers have stamens only; female flowers have pistils and ovules.
The almond (Prunus dulcis, also known as Prunus amygdalus) is a tree that is native to Iran and neighboring countries but is widely planted worldwide. Almond is also the name of this tree's tasty and extensively cultivated seed.
|Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb|
"Apricot" and "Almond" The almond and apricot are both members of the prunus family, popularly known as "stone fruits." Cherries, peaches, and plums are other members of this family. A seedling tree of almond or apricot will occasionally contain delicious edible seeds with no toxic substance. These rare trees are called "marron" in French and "mazzard" in English. Today, most apricots and almonds come from cultivated plants that are harvested for their fruit.
They are similar in taste and texture, but not identical. Apricots are slightly sour while almonds are very sweet. However, both fruits have a high oil content so they tend to be fat-soluble. That means you need to eat them with something containing acid, such as cheese or another fruit, to balance out the flavor. Almonds are available year-round while apricots are seasonal. In fact, the name "apricot" comes from the Latin articulus, meaning "little apple."
According to myth, the goddess Hera kept all the best apples for herself and gave the rest to Zeus to eat. Apples were sacred to him because he used them to create humans out of clay. However, one day when Hera wasn't looking, Zeus ate the entire crate of apples. Furious, she demanded compensation from him. To make amends, he agreed to let her choose whatever prize she wanted from all the lands on earth.
They are also available in sliced, flaked, and slivered forms, as well as flour, oil, butter, and almond milk. Almonds are commonly referred to as nuts, however they are really seeds rather than true nuts. Almond trees were possibly among the first trees that mankind cultivated. Archaeologists in Jordan discovered evidence of cultivated almond trees reaching back 5,000 years. Today, most of our commercial almonds come from California, Arizona, and Baja California. There are two main types of almonds: sweet and dry.
The term "almond" is used for several species of tree in the genus Prunus, but primarily for the fruit produced by those trees. The word comes from the Latin album, meaning white or pale green, because the skin of the mature fruit can be white or light green when peeled. Within the fruit are three sections called valves. The shell covering the seed is called the pod.
Almonds are rich in vitamin E, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, fiber, and monounsaturated fatty acids. They also contain polyphenols called flavanoids that have been shown to help reduce the risk of heart disease and diabetes. Almonds are the only food that contains significant amounts of selenium. This mineral is important for immune system health and preventing cancer. Selenium also helps produce enzymes that fight toxins released into the body during chemotherapy treatment.
Sweet almonds typically reach U.S. grocery stores between April and June. They can be found dried and packaged like popcorn or trail mix.