Which one of the following is an example of planetary winds?

Which one of the following is an example of planetary winds?

Westerlies are winds that blow between 30 degrees north and 60 degrees south all year. 2. The westerlies include the moist air masses that generate winter rains in India's northwestern area. They are also known as the Roaring 40s because of the sound made by the wind in tropical storms. 3. The westerlies include both the trade winds that blow across most of the world's oceans and the strong gusts that accompany them. These gusts can reach 70 miles per hour or more at their strongest.

The four Earth-orbiting bodies responsible for the origin of the Westerlies are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. They influence the weather on Earth by their gravitational pulls. The direction of these pulls changes periodically, causing friction that generates heat and drives atmospheric motions.

Jupiter has the most influence on the Westerlies because it is the largest planet and therefore creates the biggest gravity well. It also spins on its axis once every 10 years, which causes its atmosphere to rotate with it and release some of its energy through radiation. This loss of energy causes Jupiter to shrink a little and sends a pulse of energy into space that can be detected on Earth with radio telescopes.

Saturn has the second most influence on the Westerlies because it is next in size to Jupiter and loses energy through its own magnetic field.

What are the winds called that blow all year round over large expanses of the earth’s surface?

The westerlies, also known as the prevailing westerlies, are the predominant winds in the middle latitudes (between 35 and 65 degrees latitude) that blow in areas poleward of the subtropical ridge in the high latitudes. They can be either clockwise or counterclockwise depending on which way the Earth's axis is pointing at the time. All other winds are called non-prevailing.

The middle latitudes include most of North America, Europe, Asia, and Australia. The term "westerly wind" may cause confusion because it is often used to describe winds that come from the west, which in fact are non-prevailing winds that go over large bodies of water. The true westerlies are those that come from the west and north west, i.e., polewards of the subtropical ridge. They are present in all months of the year, but they are strongest when there aren't any competing air masses driving them away from their source region.

These steady winds play an important role in the global climate system by moving heat from the equator to higher latitudes where it can escape into space. They also carry moisture with them from the oceans toward land, which is why western coastal regions tend to be wet and industrialized while eastern ones are usually dry and covered in grasslands.

How does the direction of the wind affect the climate in Brainly?

Winds produce weather by moving air masses. The type of air mass that flows across a region is determined by the direction of the prevailing winds. A west wind, for example, may bring warm, wet air from over the ocean. A cold, dry wind from the east may blow over a mountain range.

The direction of the wind affects what part of the atmosphere is moved and thus how much water vapor it contains. If the wind is coming from one direction but with strong gusts, such as a hurricane, this movement can spread out over a large area.

Directional terms for describing the wind are easterly, westerly, northerly, and southerly. These terms describe the direction that the wind is coming from. Directions opposite to these are anti-clockwise when viewing a compass rose and clockwise when viewing a clock. For example, an eastern wind is called an "eastern" or "eastward" wind while a western wind is called a "western" or "westward" wind.

Climate is described as either continental or maritime depending on which region of the world you're in. There are two major climate regions: continental and maritime. Continental climates are found in most countries outside of North America and Australia. Maritime climates are found in most countries around the Pacific Ocean and in some countries in Europe.

What are the major wind patterns on Earth?

The Earth's wind zones are divided into five categories: polar easterlies, westerlies, horse latitudes, trade winds, and the doldrums. Polar easters are chilly, dry winds that blow from the east. They are found near the poles in both the Arctic and Antarctic circles. Westerlies are similar to polar easterlies but they rotate in the opposite direction.

Winds at high altitudes are weaker than those near the surface. But they can cause significant damage when they reach the ground. For example, a powerful wind event called a tornado can form when an area of low pressure interacts with the terrain. There are four major types of tornadoes: F0, F1, F2, and F3. An F0 tornado is weak enough to not be classified as either a tornado or a whirlwind. These are the most common type of tornado and make up nearly all of the tornadoes that occur in North America. An F1 tornado has strong winds but no evidence of rotation. These are the most dangerous type of tornado because they can destroy buildings and knock over trees without causing much injury. An F2 tornado has violent rotation; it will show signs of this activity near the ground where it can cause considerable damage. F2 tornados can also be quite large. An F3 tornado has intense rotation that continues for several miles.

How do global wind patterns relate to deserts?

Global winds affect the Earth's climate, defining which parts are tropical, desert, or temperate in broad strokes. This circulation pattern, known as a Hadley cell, explains why the world's deserts are located just poleward of the tropics, to the north and south. The cells form when air near the surface of the planet is deflected by pressure differences created by high and low temperatures. As the air moves toward the lower-pressure regions, it rises, creating a flow that circulates around the globe from west to east between the two anticyclonic (counterclockwise) cells known as the Trade Winds.

The northern hemisphere's trade winds are generated by the difference in temperature between the cold waters of the Arctic Ocean and the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico. The atmosphere above this oceanic heat source is cooler than the surrounding air, so it sinks. This causes the air to move northward along the surface of the ocean towards the Arctic Circle. There it turns back downward because there's no place for it to go except back into the ocean. This sinking motion is what creates the northerly wind stream called the Trade Wind System.

In the southern hemisphere, the main driver of trade winds is the difference in temperature between the Antarctic Ocean and its surrounding landmasses. Just like in the north, the atmosphere above this oceanic heat source is colder than the surrounding air, so it sinks.

About Article Author

Kathleen Muncy

Kathleen Muncy has always been an environmentalist. The environment is one of the most important things in her life, and she wants to do everything in her power to protect it. She's currently involved with many projects that involve working with governments and other organizations on climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies.

Disclaimer

BrownfieldSummit.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.

Related posts