# Which part of the equator is hotter?

Because the quantity of solar energy in a given area is more near the equator than in an equivalent area at the poles, the equator temperature is higher than polar temperatures. The average temperature difference between the equator and the pole is about 5 degrees Celsius (9 degrees Fahrenheit).

The actual temperature difference will vary depending on which part of the equator you are talking about. It is usually said that the mid-latitudes experience around four seasons - hot and dry in summer, cold and dry in winter, hot and wet in spring, and cool and wet in fall. But the tropics are always hot and wet.

At the Earth's surface, the sun's heat is balanced by radiation to space, but below the surface things are different. The planet has a strong magnetic field which acts like a shield against the rays from the sun. However, the magnetic north and south poles are where we would expect to find cold areas on the planet because there is no way for heat to flow out from beneath these surfaces. The only way for heat to reach these low-temperature regions is by conduction from the surrounding material. Because metal is better at conducting heat than ice or sand, these areas of the planet are also called "metal continents".

The location of the magnetic poles changes over time.

## Why is it warmer south of the equator?

With increasing latitude, the curvature of the Earth allows the Sun's energy to spread out across a broader region. This phenomenon explains why it is possible to have tropical climates so far from the equator.

The angle between the surface of the earth and the rays of the sun varies with location and time of year. At the summer solstice, when the sun is highest in the sky, this angle is greatest for locations near the equator. At the winter solstice, when the sun is lowest in the sky, the angle is smallest for locations near the equator. The amount of energy that reaches the ground increases during the summer and decreases during the winter.

At the equator, the angle is zero degrees all the time. Therefore, the amount of energy reaching the ground is constant throughout the year. Since the Earth is not completely flat, but curved around the center of its own mass, there are two ways energy can be distributed around the planet: by distance or by altitude. By distance, I mean down on the surface of the earth; by altitude, I mean high into the atmosphere.

Energy travels by distance because it wants to travel as far as possible until it meets an obstacle.

## Why do areas near the equator not get constantly warmer?

Towards the equator, regions receive more direct sun energy than near the poles. These places, however, do not continue to warm because ocean currents and winds carry heat from lower latitudes near the equator to higher latitudes near the poles. In fact, the polar regions are expected to become slightly warmer due to changes in wind patterns caused by increased water vapor content of the atmosphere.

As far as I know, there is no actual evidence that supports climate change causing species extinction. However, it could potentially cause extinctions if current species cannot adapt fast enough. For example, if a large amount of ice in Antarctica melted, it would cause sea levels to rise and flood low-lying countries like Bangladesh. This could cause many species living in those areas to go extinct.

I believe that climate change is caused by humans because scientists have been able to replicate many of the effects of global warming in laboratories. They have also found traces of human-made gases such as carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which proves that we are emitting substances that cause climate change.

However, some people argue that climate change isn't real because some species have gone extinct and others haven't. This argument is not very convincing because scientists can still study fossils of these extinct species and see how they were related to other animals. They can then make predictions about what will happen with future species if we don't take action on climate change.

## Why are the warmest parts of the Earth not exactly on the equator?

Unlike the North and South Poles, the equator receives direct sunshine all year due to the Earth's round form. As a result, the equator is hotter than the North Pole because the sun's heat is focused straight above at the equator. The higher the sun is in the sky (the higher the angle), the warmer it is. The coldest place on Earth is also on the equator: the Arctic Ocean freezes over completely during the Arctic winter when the sun is high in the sky all day long.

Geographers use the word "equatorial" to describe locations near the equator. Locations directly on the equator have no true seasons; the climate is considered tropical. But just to the north and south of the equator, temperatures vary with the season and location. In general, the farther from the equator you go, the more seasonal the weather will be.

The two main factors that affect the temperature of regions close to the equator are latitude and longitude. Latitude describes the distance of a location north or south of the equator; longitude refers to the distance of a location east or west of the Greenwich Observatory in London, England. So if we look at places on the same latitude but at different longitudes, they will experience different climates due to differences in how much sunlight reaches them. For example, locations closer to London experience more rainfall because clouds can travel across the country in a short time.

## What energy warms the air at the equator?

The Sun warms equatorial regions more than polar parts because the Earth is a spherical. Through evaporation of surface water, convection, rainfall, winds, and ocean circulation, the atmosphere and ocean work nonstop to balance out solar heating imbalances. The result is that tropical areas experience more intense heat waves than higher up where there is less moisture in the air.

Tropical cyclones are powerful storms that form in mid-latitude oceans. They are driven by differences in temperature and pressure between the center of the storm and its surroundings. As wind strikes land or water, it causes clouds to rotate around the axis of the storm. This rotation creates low pressure inside the storm which draws more wind-laden air into its center. If one side of a tropical cyclone is cooler than the other, wind will shift toward the colder area forming a cold core and weakening the storm.

At the Earth's surface, solar energy is transmitted to deep layers of the atmosphere through the clear skies of summer and the cloudy skies of winter. The intensity of this transmission depends on the altitude of the atmosphere. Lower levels are heated more directly by the sun while higher levels retain heat longer due to their absorption of infrared radiation.

##### Daniel Cifuentes

Daniel Cifuentes is a nature lover and enjoys taking photos of plants and trees. He's been interested in the environment for as long as he can remember, and he's worked hard to learn as much as he can about it. He loves sharing his love for nature with others by posting photos on social media platforms or providing articles on topics such as recycling or climate change.