The Gulf Stream is critical to world climate because it moderates temperatures along the east coast of North America, the coastlines of Western Europe and northern Africa, and other coastal places along its course. It also influences ocean circulation around Antarctica.
The Gulf Stream operates because water is more conductive than air, so when waters in the Atlantic Ocean reach higher temperatures they become more evasive, or gaseous. This causes surface waters off of South America and Africa to flow towards the south, into the Caribbean Sea and down toward the Gulf of Mexico, where they are replaced by cooler waters flowing in from the north along the edge of the continental shelf.
This loop is important because it helps to regulate temperature differences between the tropics and temperate zones by preventing heat from accumulating in the tropical oceans. It also prevents cold waters from spreading far away from the continent, which would otherwise cause large ice caps to form over Antarctica.
When the Gulf Stream breaks down, as it did during the Younger Dryas period (about 12,000 years ago), many scientists believe that this was one of the factors responsible for causing the Earth to go through a series of environmental changes called the "Younger Dryas Event". The break-down of the Gulf Stream may have even caused the Earth to briefly enter into a new ice age.
Global Climate Impact The Gulf Stream is an ocean stream that carries warm water from the equator to Europe through the east coast of North The warm waters of the Gulf Stream keep Europe substantially warmer than other regions at the same latitude. They also increase the rate at which Earth's ice melts, which has significant consequences for sea level rise and ocean acidification.
It is the largest current flowing into the Atlantic Ocean from the outside world. The name "gulf stream" comes from the fact that it flows along the coasts of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, New York, and Texas. But it actually starts in the tropics as two streams that meet near Cuba and Venezuela. One stream goes northward up the US coastline while the other turns west toward Europe.
Its importance for climate change arises mainly because it carries away enormous quantities of heat from the tropical oceans every day. If it stopped doing this then there would be major changes in global temperature because these large amounts of energy are very hot!
The Gulf Stream works because water moves from a place where it is warm to a place where it is not. In this case, the water is moving from the south temperate latitudes (where it is usually cold) to the tropics (where it is usually hot).
Why is the Gulf Stream, often known as the North Atlantic Current, important? This current transports warm tropic water to Western Europe and the Eastern United States, accounting for their mild temperatures. Water that is denser sinks. The current also carries nutrients from the ocean floor to surface waters, which are then available for plant growth.
The Gulf Stream is a major current in the north Atlantic Ocean. It flows from the Gulf of Mexico west across the continental shelf of North America towards Europe. At its closest point it is about 1000 miles east of Newfoundland. The stream loses strength when it reaches colder waters and disappears into the Labrador Sea. But it continues to flow south along the European coast until it reaches the Strait of Gibraltar, where it turns east again and crosses the Mediterranean Sea back to the Gulf of Mexico.
This current is very important for two reasons. First, it carries heat from the Gulf of Mexico to the eastern part of the United States and Europe. Second, it brings nutrients from deep in the ocean to the surface, where they can be used by marine plants for growth. As a result, large amounts of fish can be caught far from land with little effort!
The current is caused by temperature differences between the Gulf of Mexico and the rest of the ocean. In fact, all currents are results of some kind of physical process happening at the surface of the water.
What effect does the Gulf Stream have on weather and climate? This powerful circulation of warm water impacts the climate of Florida's east coast, keeping temperatures warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer than in the other southern states. It also influences the weather in Europe and Africa.
The Gulf Stream is a current that flows along the eastern side of the United States from the Gulf of Mexico to beyond Newfoundland. It is one of the most important factors influencing the climate of coastal areas between Florida and northern Canada.
The Gulf Stream is made up of two main branches: the Northern Gulf Stream and the Southern Gulf Stream. They both begin in the same place—in the waters off North Carolina—but they take different paths farther from land. The difference is due to the presence or absence of islands in their path. The current flowing into each branch forms where they meet back up again later. When there are islands in its path, the Gulf Stream flows northward along the coast of America; when there are no islands, it flows south of the coast.
Where the streams come together again, there are usually large concentrations of fish because this is where food is plentiful. If you were able to travel on the Gulf Stream, you would eventually reach Europe or Africa. But there are no ships that can handle the heavy loads of salt that are found in all ocean currents.